Annual Response to Resistance Report 2016

This report has been produced as an effort to build trust and to be transparent regarding the activities of the Fort Lauderdale Police Department.  It outlines the number of incidents involving officers responding to resistance, the type of resistance they encountered, how they responded to the resistance, the number of officers injured and more.
In 2016, The Fort Lauderdale Police Department (FLPD) implemented recommendations taken from the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing as a way to foster strong, collaborative relationships between the agency and the community we are tasked with protecting, while also promoting effective crime reduction strategies and building public trust.
Throughout 2016, sworn staff received extensive in-service training,  focused on de-escalating situations, to include Fair and Impartial Policing (FIP) training, Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) and Procedural Justice training.  
This report is intended to provide a summary of the types of incidents involving use of force by police  officers and also to identify trends or any training areas that need to be addressed. It is the procedure of the Department to document officers’ response to resistance in the initial incident report and not a separate standalone report. This allows the field supervisors to review and evaluate the circumstances and the officers’ response to those circumstances in a timely fashion. Subsequent to the initial review by the first line supervisor, each incident report involving an officer's response to resistance is forwarded to the Office of Internal Affairs where a second independent review of the incident occurs.

The Office of Internal Affairs conducted administrative reviews of 413 Incident Reports involving officers’ “Response to Resistance” which occurred in 2016. 

Response to Resistance by Category

659 uses of force were due to the escalation of various responses to resistance.
402 incidents involved the use of hands, fist, feet, knees, or legs
106 incidents where force was applied by less-lethal* means 
(* Taser, K-9 Apprehension, Hobble Restraint Device, Baton, Flashlight, Sage and Subject Control Spray.)

Response to resistance by category (pie chart)
^Aerosol Defense Spray/Oleoresin Capsicum/Crowd Suppression (commonly referred to as pepper spray) and Conducted Energy Device (commonly referred to as CED)

Response to Resistance Effectiveness

Response to Resistance Effectiveness (bar chart)
In 2016 , holding a suspect at gunpoint accounted for 148 instances of officers responding to resistance. There were 5 intentional firearm discharges, with 1 being to an aggressive animal. The remaining 4 weapon discharges were from 2 separate instances. None of the offenders nor citizens were injured during the shootings. The use of force was determined to be justified in the first incident.  The second incident has been sent to the State Attorney’s Office for review.  One officer was remanded to remedial training for use of force using hands/fists.

Top Reasons for Response to Resistance

Top Reasons for Response to Resistance (bar chart)

Top 6 Service Types When The Response to Resistance Occurred

(Response to resistance did not result in an arrest in all cases)

Top 6 Service Types Being Rendered When the Response to Resistance Occurred (bar chart)

Top 10 Charges Against Involved Persons

(An involved person may fall into more than one charge type)

Top 10 Charges Against Involved Persons

Subjects Arrested in Conjunction With Response to Resistance

Subjects arrested in conjunction with response to resistance (3D bar chart)