Annual Response to Resistance Report 2017

The report will offer context and perspective regarding Fort Lauderdale Police Officers’ response to resistance as well as the outcomes.  This report is intended to provide a summary of the types of incidents involving the actions taken by police officers while responding to resistance and also to identify trends or any training areas that need to be addressed. 
In 2016, The Fort Lauderdale Police Department (FLPD) implemented recommendations taken from the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing as a way to foster strong, collaborative relationships between the agency and the community we are tasked with protecting, while also promoting effective crime reduction strategies and building public trust.  Those recommendations have been adopted as a department standard.
Since implementing the aforementioned, sworn staff has received extensive in-service training focused on de-escalating situations to include Fair and Impartial Policing (FIP) training, Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) and Procedural Justice training.  As of December 31, 2017, FLPD has 184 officers certified in CIT and 443 officers have completed the CIT familiarization course.  The department also conducted police/youth focus groups as part of the Disproportionate Minority Contact Grant funded by the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice.  In doing so, FLPD has seen a reduction in the number of response to resistance incidents stemming from calls for service, traffic stops and neighbor contact. 
This allows the field supervisors to review and evaluate the circumstances and the officers’ response to those circumstances in a timely fashion. Subsequent to the initial review by the first line supervisor, each incident report involving an officer's response to resistance is forwarded to the Office of Internal Affairs where a second independent review of the incident occurs.  The information presented in this annual report has been collected from police reports submitted during the 2017 calendar year. 
The Office of Internal Affairs conducted administrative reviews of 602 Incident Reports involving officers’ “Response to Resistance” which occurred in 2017. 

Response to Resistance by Category

902 uses of force were due to the escalation of various responses to resistance.
499 incidents involved the use of hands, fist, feet, knees, or legs
142 incidents where force was applied by less-lethal* means 
(* Taser, K-9 Apprehension, Impact Weapons and Subject Control Spray.)
^Aerosol Defense Spray/Oleoresin Capsicum/Crowd Suppression (commonly referred to as pepper spray) and Conducted Energy Device (commonly referred to as CED)

Response to Resistance Effectiveness

In 2017, holding a suspect at gunpoint accounted for 248 instances of officers responding to resistance.  There were 2 intentional firearm discharges, with 1 being to an aggressive animal.  The remaining firearm discharge resulted in a suspect’s non-life threatening injuries. This incident was sent to the State Attorney’s Office for review and the use of force was determined to be a justified.  Sixty-four subjects and 22 officers were injured in conjunction with the use of force.  There are no use of force cases assigned to the State Attorney’s Office.

Top Reasons for Response to Resistance

Top 6 Service Types When The Response to Resistance Occurred

(Response to resistance did not result in an arrest in all cases)

Top 10 Charges Against Involved Persons

(An involved person may fall into more than one charge type)

Subjects Arrested in Conjunction With Response to Resistance 2016-2017 Comparison

The 253 arrests made in conjunction with response to resistance in 2016 accounts for only 4% of the total arrests made.  The 402 arrests made in conjunction with response to resistance in 2017 accounts for only 5% of the total arrests made.